How To Smoke Whole Chicken

Whole Seasoned Chicken In a CharBroil Gas Smoker
Whole Seasoned Chicken In a CharBroil Gas Smoker

If you're still smoking chickens like you smoke brisket and pork butts, low and slow, you are missing out! Find out how to smoke whole chicken that's done in almost half the time, and tastes twice as good!




For years I'd been smoking whole chicken in smokers running at around 225 degrees Fahrenheit, just like I smoked about everything else. But a year or so ago I discovered that it's better to smoke poultry at a higher temperature.



After trying it myself, I wondered why I ever smoked chickens any other way! There are definite benefits to smoking chicken (and other poultry) at 275 degrees and higher, and no drawbacks. The chickens cook quicker and the skin gets crispy and browned, which adds another layer of flavor to the birds. And even though the smoking time is shortened, the meat gets plenty of smoky flavor.

Poultry is put together differently than beef and pork, and doesn't require low temperatures and slow cooking to become juicy and tender. I mean, weren't those beer butt chickens you grilled last summer tender, juicy and full of flavor? They didn't suffer from cooking at 300+ degrees, did they?

So, how do you go about smoking a whole chicken? There's really not that much to it.

  • Rinse a whole chicken. Trim off excess skin and fat.
  • Soak the chicken in a simple brine for 4 hours. 2 quarts cold water 1/3 cup non-iodized salt 1/4 cup sugar
  • Preheat your smoker to 275 degrees Fahrenheit, and up to 325 degrees if your smoker can do it. Add smoke wood (apple or cherry with a little pecan is great!)
  • Season the chicken, including the body cavity, with your favorite dry rub.
  • Put the chicken in your smoker. Be sure there's a drip pan under the chicken, 'cause it's gonna drip some fat! If you're using a horizontal smoker, place the chicken on a raised rack in a shallow baking pan.
  • Smoke for 1-1/2 to 3 hours. When the breast and thigh reach 165 degrees, remove it and let it rest for 5 to 10 minutes before serving.


Brining The Chicken

Brining a Whole Chicken In a Food Storage BagWhole Chicken Brining In Bag

A one-gallon food storage bag or freezer bag is the perfect size for most chickens. And by using one, you don't have to make a lot of brine as you would if brining in a bowl or other hard container. Usually, one quart to one and one-half quarts is enough when bag-brining a chicken.



Seasoning The Chicken

Let the chicken drain for a few minutes after removing from the brine. Use one of your favorite rubs to season the outside of the chicken and inside the body cavity. I used a simple mix of cracked black pepper, onion powder and a little chili powder. No salt was added to the rub because brining took care of that. Coat the bird evenly, pressing it in to help hold it in place.


Whole Seasoned Chicken On Rack, Ready For The Smoker

Trussing The Chicken

Here's a quick and easy way to truss the chicken legs without using string. Works really well!


Cutting an Opening In Chicken Leg, Used To Truss a Whole Chicken

First, make a cut on the underside of one leg, between the bone and the tendon. Make the cut barely large enough to allow the end of the other leg to pass through.




The End of One Chicken Leg Inserted Through The Opening Cut In The Opposite Leg To Promote Even Cooking

Insert the end of the other leg through the opening you just made. You want a snug fit here. If the cut you made was too large, try again and make a smaller opening in the the other leg.




Nicely Trussed Chicken Legs Of a Whole Chicken, Using the Stringless Trussing Method

Now you have a nicely trussed chicken, which will help it cook more evenly in the smoker.





Basting The Chicken

Basting a whole chicken adds flavor and helps keep the meat moist. I like to use something that has some oil or fat, a little sweetness, some spice and some acidity. The basting liquid in the picture below is something I made up using a little chicken fat I saved from some thighs I cooked, a little BBQ sauce, a touch of vinegar and Worcestershire sauce, ground black pepper and onion powder.


Basting Liquid For a Smoked Chicken, Containing Chicken Fat, Barbecue Sauce, Worcestershire Sauce, Pepper and Onion Powder

Baste the chicken  two or three times as it smokes.


Basting a Whole Chicken As It Smokes In a CharBroil Gas Smoker


Now, if you're smoking some ribs, or a brisket, or a big, juicy pork butt, and you want to throw in a whole chicken because, well, it's just not right to waste smoker space, just do it. Smoke that bird at 225 degrees until it reaches 160 degrees, then pop it into a hot (400 degrees) grill or oven for 5 to 10 minutes. Keep a close eye on it, and remove it when the skin has browned to your liking.

The skin won't brown as nicely as it would've using the hot smoking method, but it'll do in a pinch.










› How to Smoke a Whole Chicken